Edward Fitzgerald was arrested and wounded in the house of Murphy
the feather merchant in the Liberties.
Swayne and the City of Cork Militia, who continued actively at
freequarters, arrived in Prosperous.
began to gather at prearranged sites in support of the rising.
The Mail Coach destined for Munster was attacked and destroyed
near Naas. This was the planned signal for the rebellion.
The 1798 Rebellion began in Kildare (United Irish Prisoners shot
in Dunlavin in Wicklow). Rebels in Kildare simultaneously attack
Naas, Prosperous, Clane and Ballymore-Eustace.
1.00 - 2.00 a.m.
Ballymore-Eustace Captain Beevor had sent around 120 of his men
away so the garrison consisted of only 40 - 50 men of the 9th
Dragoons and the Tyrone Militia who were quartered in eight different
houses. Approximately 800 rebels attacked this force at Beevor's
house for nearly two hours. Captain Beevor broke them with a charge
losing about 13 men. The rebels lost two captains and 100 men.
was garrisoned by 35 of the City of Cork Militia under Captain
Swayne (31 privates, 2 sergeants and 1 drummer) and 22 of the
Ancient Britons (1 lieutenant, 1 quartermaster and 20 privates).
Upwards of 500 rebels attacked the town at different points, concentrating
on the Militia barrack in the centre of town and Brooke's cotton
mill. The militia were burned out, Swayne was shot, piked and
his body burned in a tar barrel by the rebels under Andrew Farrell
and Dr. John Esmond. Later Downings House was burned and a landlord's
agent, Stamers, was killed. A cotton manufacturer Mr. Brewer was
also murdered. Nearly 40 troops were killed.
was attacked from three different directions by around 1,000 rebels
under the command of Michael Reynolds of Johnstown in his scarlet
regimentals. The town was protected by Lord Gosford and 150 Armagh
Militia with two field pieces; 59 cavalry of the Fourth Horse
Dragoons and Ancient Britons and 16 of the North Naas Cavalry
under Captain Neville. The battle lasted about one hour and the
rebels were repulsed with the loss of about 130 men, most of whom
were killed while attempting to escape. The government lost around
22 men, Reynolds escaped to the Wicklow Mountains and more than
800 pikes and 20 firelocks were recovered.
2.00 - 3.00 a.m.
Clane a large body of rebels (c. 300) attacked a company of Armagh
Militia under Captain Jephson but were beaten off with the help
of some of the local Clane yeoman cavalry.
- 3.15 a.m.
commander Richard Griffith received news of the attack at his
home at Millicent and rushed to the town to find the rebels routed,
many being killed and some houses burned. Six prisoners were taken
and one was executed.
second rebel attack was effected with the help of some of the
rebels from Prosperous. Griffith and his men made a stand on the
commons. With well directed fire his men dispersed and routed
the rebels. The fleeing attackers were charged down by the 16
yeomen cavalry. Griffith decided the position was untenable and
retreated to Naas. Joined by Dr. Esmond (his lieutenant) he learned
of his treachery and on entering Naas he had Esmond arrested.
The five prisoners taken in the first attack were hanged in Naas.